Download e-book for kindle: A Companion to Relativism by Steven D. Hales

By Steven D. Hales

ISBN-10: 1405190213

ISBN-13: 9781405190213

A spouse to Relativism provides unique contributions from best students that handle the newest considering at the position of relativism within the philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of technological know-how, common sense, and metaphysics.

  • Features unique contributions from some of the top figures engaged on numerous points of relativism
  • Presents a considerable, wide variety of present brooding about relativism
  • Addresses relativism from the various significant subfields of philosophy, together with philosophy of language, epistemology, ethics, philosophy of technology, common sense, and metaphysics

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Let me mention two such types of view, using the feature of beauty as an example. , Ayer 1946) believe that the feature of beauty does not give rise to truth-evaluable claims at all. Thus, even though we make claims like the claim that Millais’s Isabella is beautiful, such claims and the corresponding judgments do not have truth-evaluable contents at all. So, an expressivist might accept that Millais’s Isabella is beautiful yet deny that it is true that the picture is beautiful. An expressivist about beauty might therefore accept relativism about beauty without accepting relativism about truth (see Field 1982 for an example of a relativistic view that falls short of relativism about truth).

On the paradox of cognitive relativism. Metaphilosophy 11, 115–126. Moser, P. , Mulder, D. , and Trout, J. D. (1998). The Theory of Knowledge. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Passmore, J. (1961). Philosophical Reasoning. London: Duckworth. Preston, J. (1992). On some objections to relativism. Ratio 5 (New Series), 57–73. Quine, W. V. O. (1951). Two dogmas of empiricism. Philosophical Review 60, 20–43. Repr. in From a Logical Point of View. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1953. Recanati, F.

GRP) would then be the claim that for each proposition there is a perspective relative to which it is true, and a perspective relative to which it is not true. Equivalently, there are no propositions that are true, or not true, relative to every perspective. Global relativism in the sense of (GRP) is clearly a radical claim. If we let it range unrestrictedly over all propositions, and there are contradictory as well as logically true propositions, then it follows from (GRP) that some perspectives evaluate contradictory propositions as true, and some will evaluate logically true propositions as not true.

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